Basic Crochet Abbreviations & Definitions

The following information is defining U.S. crochet lingo.  To see U.K. equivalencies, click here.

st = stitch
sp = space
YO = yarn over
ch = chain
ss = slip stitch
sc = single crochet
dc = double crochet
hdc = half double crochet
tr = treble crochet
dtr = double treble crochet

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ST:
Individual units of crocheted work.

SP:
Individual holes in crocheted work, created by each stitch or chain set.

YO:
Lay yarn/thread over top of hook and hold before pushing hook through next ch or sp.

CH:
Make a slip knot.  YO and pull loop through slip knot loop.  Then, YO and pull loop through previous loop; repeat until you have the desired length.

(Note:  When working into a chain, study it first.  On one side you will see 2 strands and on the other 1 strand making up each individual chain.  You can work into each chain by placing the hook between the 2 strands and the 1 strand.  If you want your bottom edge to have a 'top edge' look, make sure the 1 strand portion is on the top of your hook and the 2 strands are on the bottom.)

SS:
Working into next st, push hook through the sp, YO and pull loop through.  Then, pull that loop through the loop on the hook.


SC:
Working into the previous row or chain, push hook through the next sp, YO and pull loop through.  Then, YO and pull loop through both loops on the hook.  If beginning the row, you will need to ch 1 first.


DC:
Working into the previous row or chain, YO, then push hook through the next sp; YO and pull loop through (you will now have 3 loops on your hook).  Then, YO and pull loop through 2 loops on the hook; repeat.  If beginning the row, you will need to ch 3 first (this will be the 1st dc of that row).

HDC:
Working into the previous row or chain, YO, then push hook through the next sp; YO and pull loop through (you will now have 3 loops on your hook).  Then, YO and pull loop through all 3 loops on the hook.  If beginning the row, you will need to ch 2 first (this will be the 1st hdc of that row).

TR:
Working into the previous row or chain, YO twice, then push hook through the next sp; YO and pull loop through (you will now have 4 loops on your hook).  Then, YO and pull loop through 2 loops on the hook; repeat 3 times, until you only have 1 loop on your hook.  If beginning the row, you will need to ch 4 first (this will be the 1st tr of that row).

DTR:
Working into the previous row or chain, YO three times, then push hook through the next sp; YO and pull loop through (you will now have 5 loops on your hook).  Then, YO and pull loop through 2 loops on the hook; repeat 4 times, until you only have 1 loop on your hook.  If beginning the row, you will need to ch 5 first (this will be the 1st tr of that row).